Savannah Original City Plan

Dated: 08/22/2017

Views: 64

    One of Oglethorpe’s most enduring contributions was the development and implementation of an innovative CITY PLAN for Savannah, which included a grid iron street system and green space. Since a major fire in London destroyed the heart of the old city in 1666, designers proposed the idea of gridded streets and open squares or parks to promote a healthier, more reasonable and efficient way to plan a city. Green spaces and vistas also provided a sense of community among the residents living around them. Larger green spaces were also planned as public markets and public commons, places for public assembly a strategic sites for military defense. 

    Oglethorpe, who served in the European military, was likely familiar with the most recent layouts of defensive military camps which were designed to facilitate easy assembly of troops in secure open spaces.

     Savannah’s city plan borrows from previous designs, but has offered many new and innovative features. It has the appearance of a new Enlightenment town with gridded streets and open squares, but it also offers spaces for strategic defense of the town. It is a system designed to realize results and to encourage equality due to the fact that residential lots and garden plots of the same size fostered a sense of equal responsibility among colonists. 

    Savannah’s city plan is strategically divided into WARDS, geometric zones which provide the structure and serve as the building blocks for the city’s unique urban design. In the center of each ward is a SQUARE, which is a green space for congregating and bivouacking troops to defend the residents of the ward. Four smaller blocks, referred to as TRUST LOTS, front the square on the east and west. The trust lots were set aside for public buildings and churches. The north-south street on which the square is centered provide the thoroughfare between the squares and the trust lots. 

    The four larger blocks on the north and south sides of the square are called TYTHINGS. They are further divided by east-west lanes. Each tything was divided into ten house lots of equal sizes. Each owner of a house lot was also entitled to a garden lot of five acres at the edge of town, and approximately 45 acres (minus the size of the garden lot) further out of town for large-scale farming (farm lots). Each ward contained 40 building lots facing the north or south, 10 on the streets bordering the squares, and 10 on streets forming the outer borders of the wards.



Excerpt is courtesy of Barbara C. Fertig

Blog author image

Jenny Rutherford

Meet Jenny Rutherford Jenny Rutherford Real Estate, LLC. Where did you grow up? I grew up on a farm at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia. I've lived in several states, including Virgi....

Want to Advertise on this Site?

Latest Blog Posts

COMING SOON 3BR 2BA Raised Beach House With Beautiful Deck Area On Tybee

🌴COMING SOON ON TYBEE ISLAND!🌴3BR/2BA Raised Beach Cottage w/ Amazing Decked Outdoor Space surrounded by Majestic Live Oaks!📍6 Hodges Street, Tybee Island, GA 31328Offered at $435,000Built

Read More

Adorable 3BR 2BA Home In The Heart Of Rincon

NEW LISTING!3BR/2BA Home in Lost Plantation Neighborhood in Rincon!Vacant, Easy to Show & Can Close in 30 Days or Less!📍404 Keller Road, Rincon, GA 31326💵Listed For Sale at $200,000Bright

Read More

Cash Flowing 3BR2BA 1560sqft Duplex On Tybee Island

NEW LISTING!Turn-Key Vacation Rental on Tybee's North End! Potential Rental Income of $60K+!Add a Pool and Rental Projection is $85K!46 Van Horn Unit A&B, Avenue Tybee Island, GA 31328Offered at ,

Read More

Adorable Raised Beach House On Tybee And Potentially Lucrative Vacation Rental COMING SOON

We have an adorable NEW LISTING on Tybee Island! It's a raised beach house on the North end of the island! 2BR/2.5BA 1238sqft with the potential to add a 3rd bedroom with its own private

Read More